A fire is needed in almost any backpacking, hiking, or camping survival situation. It can seem like a simple task building a campfire, but most men and women struggle building one. Moreover, it may be more challenging to construct a campfire if you run out of matches. Whether it is a campfire for cooking or for providing heat during cold nights, it is essential that you know the proper way to build a campfire, with or without games, when camping.
Nothing beats the appeal and taste of foods cooked over the campfire. The freedom to cook over an open fire now is a privilege due to limited areas of camping and declining firewood stocks in many campgrounds. This calls for utmost caution and respect.
Requirements for Building a Campfire for Cooking
Pay attention to the floor where the fire will be lit before starting to prepare the fire place. It’s recommended you build the fire over a stone. In case it’s impossible on a stone, you need to ensure that the base of the fire is on a bare mineral soil. When the time comes to put out the fire, a simple bucket of water will not do-have a fire pit mechanism in place. First, look out for previously established pits, if any, before scarring the area with more fire pits.
Campfire for cooking should be clean, and burning hot. Getting green timber from trees won’t bear fruit because of its fire burn badly and create unnecessary smoke. Call ahead to find out what is available as many people campgrounds supply firewood.
Strong winds are hazardous in cooking. And may cause sparks getting away, which may spark forest fire. Strong winds reduce firewood fast and offer much less cooking time. Thus, a wind shelter is critical to daunt important winds from interfering with your cooking.
These are small materials that ignite easily and quickly with a spark. The material have to be as dry and finely shredded as possible.
Medium-sized substances that would catch fire from tinder, quickly. Kindling material must be dry, small items in order to catch fire.
Building a Campfire for Cooking
When building a campfire for cooking, the purpose is to have all the wood turn to coal at the same time. This would produce an even fire with no flames going up to the meals or blackening your cookware. This also builds the longest cooking time in the fire produced.
The fire site should be located at least 8″ from bushes or any combustibles. Make sure no tree branches hang round the website. Use green logs or large rocks to produce a U-shaped perimeter around the fire area. If using logs to the perimeter, have them down from time to time. In the event of a breeze, have back end of fire place face the wind. Create some form of chimney; you may have a big flat rock put at the back of the fire area, to help direct the smoke up and away.
Laying the Kindling
Distribute the fire place with tinder. Place kindling material over the tinder in layers, interchanging management with each layer. You can use use of thin splits of wood or small dead branches. Do not put kindling materials the”teepee style”. Cover the whole fire place with the kindling stack.
The wood should have the same dimensions, as much as possible. It is possible to use hardwood or hardwood branches. When flames start to die down leaving largely white coals, remove the white coals by pushing them in the lower level at the front and back end in a higher level. This would level the rest of the coal to your liking. Set rocks or wetted green logs around the fire for placing the grill or toaster for cooking.
Best Method of Building a Campfire for Cooking
Even though the tepee method is more popular, the log cabin procedure is the best for cooking.
Log Cabin Method
You build a small tepee of tinder and kindling at the center of your fireplace. Then piled wood logs a foot or less apart in an interchanging pattern around the tepee in the shape of a square. The distance between logs allows for air circulation from bottom to top of the fireplace. Build the wood logs as big as you would like. Light the kindling in the middle. You can blow into the tepee if the flame struggles to set ablaze or dig small air holes beneath the bottom logs. Keep the fire at a reasonable and safe size.
This is accomplished by building a solid log cabin, with the largest logs at the base and something about the size of your wrist on top. The platform is for all those who want a nice bed of coals to cook on. You don’t need to wait for it all to burn down before you begin cooking.
The platform procedure is known as”upside down” fire when larger logs are used. It is upheld for its ability to burn for a long time, unattended. Don’t forget to put the largest logs on the bottom and scale to smaller stuff at the top. Light fire at the top. As you practice, you will figure out the perfect size of wood required to create fire that burns by itself, all night.
It can be slightly difficult learning how to create campfire using platform method. The trick is to create a large enough teepee on top in order to create a bed of coals that will be effective at burning down through the first layer, igniting it, building a larger bed of coals etc..
The Tepee Method
Then put it in the middle of the fire area. Lean wood logs on the kindling. Leave an opening at the teepee for light the pile of tinder in the bottom with games. The fire spreads to the kindling and logs once the tinder lights; providing you a excellent campfire. You may blow softly on the fire to get it spread into the kindling and wood. In case the fire goes out, add more tinder or kindling. When the blaze is moving, keep adding logs from the tepee pattern.
There are a bunch of approaches to build campfire, but the important thing here is to practice, find the method that most suits your cooking and you are comfortable with. You can even customize the flame to your unique needs on a particular night, Practicing the hard way, with Ferro rod, knife and tinder, and leaning to prepare your own wood with limited tools helps develop vital skills for survival.